The Galapagos penguin is the second smallest penguin species in the world and the only one living north of the equator. They are found mainly in the colder, nutrient-rich waters in the western Galapagos islands, such as Fernandina and Isabela. Smaller, isolated populations can also be found off the coast of Santiago and the northern coast of Floreana.
Galapagos penguins breed throughout the year and build their nests in small caves just above sea level. They hop on land, but are swift and agile in the ocean, using their wings like fins for torpedo-like swimming. They typically stay close to shore to hunt for small fish. They are also sneaky little penguins and like to pop up behind snorkelers when they least expect it.