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If you find yourself visiting Norway, Denmark, or Sweden in summer, you’ll come to appreciate their sense of “hygge”—the word used by Danes and Norwegians to describe a feeling of coziness, contentment, and conviviality.

Scandinavia’s relaxed lifestyle, inspired culinary and coffee shop scene, and friendly, open people are some of the reasons why it’s one of the best destinations to visit in the summer when the sun barely sets and the towns and cities are buzzing with life.

Visit the Norwegian fjords and you’ll also come to understand “friluftsliv,” a local term that describes a sense of complete immersion in the outdoors and of living in the moment.

Step away from urban life and embrace the magnificent mountain scenery through activities such as camping, hiking, rock climbing, kayaking, and mountain biking.

If you’re interested in this fascinating region of the world, here are nine of the best cities in Scandinavia to explore on your next trip.

Copenhagen, Denmark

Beautiful park and lake in Tivoli Gardens

Tivoli Gardens in Copenhagen, Denmark

The capital of Scandi cool, Copenhagen is a wonderful city to explore on foot or bicycle, as it is flat, accessible, friendly, and compact. There’s plenty to see, starting with Amalienborg Palace, home to the Danish royal family, and Christiansborg, another ornate palace that was once home to the royals until 1794 and now the site of Parliament. A glimpse inside both reveals lavish tapestries, grand entertaining halls, and glittering chandeliers

Get a picture of The Little Mermaid statue, perched on a rock on the waterfront, and don’t miss wandering through the lush Tivoli Gardens, a favorite picnic and summer drinking spot with locals. If you’re traveling Europe with kids, make sure to head to the carousels, dodgems, and roller coasters in the amusement park.

Colorful buildings lined up in Copenhagen

Nyhavn in Copenhagen, Denmark

Visit Nyhavn, too, a bustling canal lined with brightly colored, gabled townhouses, where its banks are packed with alfresco cafés and restaurants. Take time to join the locals for a cold beer and an open sandwich or wander along pedestrianized Strøget, the main shopping street in one of Europe’s best shopping cities, and marvel at the beautiful styling in every store, where you’ll find chic fashion and tasteful homeware items.

Just outside of town, admire the graceful sweep of the Øresund Bridge, Europe’s longest road and rail bridge, which spans five miles and links Denmark to the Swedish city of Malmö. Meanwhile, Shakespeare fans will want to take a tour to Helsingør to see the majestic Kronborg Castle, which was the setting of Hamlet. If you’re lucky, your visit will coincide with the annual summer Shakespeare festival that takes place in this dramatic setting.

Stavanger, Norway

View of Utstein Monastery with lush garden

Utstein Monastery in Stavanger, Norway

Bustling Stavanger is the gateway to some of Norway’s most dramatic fjordland scenery.

But don’t overlook the city itself. Wander through the flower-filled, cobblestone streets of Old Stavanger that are lined with 18th-century, white wooden cottages.

Just out of town, visit the 12th-century Utstein Monastery left to decay after the Reformation but carefully restored in 1750. Today it’s the only surviving monastery in Norway from this era.

Some fifteen miles from Stavanger, the 26-mile Lysefjord is one of Norway’s most beautiful stretches of water. Here, sheer cliffs more than 3,000 feet high plunge into the sea, while silver-white waterfalls tumble into the aquamarine fjord that’s sometimes as deep as the mountains are tall.

Couple hiking Pulpit Rock in Norway

Pulpit Rock, Norway

Lysefjord means “light fjord” and it’s a fitting name as the light here has a certain ethereal quality, especially when mist hangs over the granite cliffs. The site is famous for two extraordinary natural features: The square block of Preikestolen and Kjeragbolten.

Preikestolen, also known as Pulpit Rock, is a plateau that juts out over the fjord at a height of almost 2,000 feet. Formed over 10,000 years ago, the rock is reached by a tough hike, but once you reach the summit, you’ll be rewarded with a breathtaking view of the fjord below. Look out for Kjeragbolten, too, a large boulder wedged in a crevice near the top of Mount Kjerag, the highest mountain in the fjord.

Read: Norwegian Culture: 9 Fascinating Customs & Traditions

Stockholm, Sweden

Stockholm, one of the best cities in Scandinavia

Stockholm, Sweden

Stockholm is one of the best Scandinavian cities for culture, food, music, and history. The narrow, cobblestoned alleys of medieval Gamla Stan resemble a living museum lined with gabled buildings in shades of terracotta, ochre, and green, while the sprawling complex of the lavish Royal Palace and the Nobel Prize Museum provide a fascinating insight into Swedish history.

Gamla Stan is packed with cool restaurants, many offering Scandinavian dishes with contemporary twists, as well as intriguing, independent boutiques specializing in anything from vintage clothing to that inimitable Scandi chic look.

Historic Vasa warship inside a museum

Vasa Museum in Stockholm, Sweden

Don’t miss the Vasa Museum on the waterfront, one of the best museums in the world, which provides a fascinating glimpse into the world of 17th-century shipbuilding. The Vasa was a top-heavy warship that sank in the harbor on its maiden voyage in 1622, but after 333 years on the seabed, it was raised and painstakingly restored. Today, it’s Sweden’s pride and joy and the world’s most perfect example of a 17th-century warship.

For a glimpse at traditional Swedish living, head to Skansen, a fascinating outdoor museum complete with pottery, a 19th-century style bakery, and an herb garden. For all the flares and glitter of the 1970s, and the irresistible hits of Swedish icons, ABBA, fill the senses at the hugely popular Abba Museum.

Read: 22 Best Lakes in Europe 

Ålesund, Norway

Couple walking around the open-air Sunnmøre Museum

Sunnmøre Museum in Ålesund, Norway

Lying on a narrow peninsula surrounded by islands, Ålesund was destroyed by fire in 1904 but was eventually rebuilt and rose like a phoenix as one of the best cities in Scandinavia for elegant and colorful Art Nouveau architecture.

Many of the finest buildings are found around the harbor, where it’s fun to simply wander around, poking into the quirky stores for gifts; nautical antiques are a good buy here, as well as crafts made from local materials like wood and stone.

Several excellent fish restaurants can be found here, too, as this is the home of Norway’s largest cod-fishing fleet, allowing plenty of opportunities to sample the wares of local fishermen.

For more fishing culture, visit the Sunnmøre Museum. More than 55 old Norwegian houses have been relocated here, which tell the story of the cultural and architectural history of the region. You’ll also see one of Norway’s largest collections of historic boats, including replicas of Viking-era ships.

Zigzag roads of Trollstigen

Trollstigen, Norway

If you want to head out of town, dramatic scenery beckons. The Trollveggen, or Troll’s Wall, is a towering rock face accessed by the Trollstigen, a hair-raising mountain road that loops past waterfalls and rock chasms through eleven switchbacks. Or take a boat trip along Hjørundfjord, which stretches 20 miles into the Sunnmøre Alps, framed by towering, 5,000-foot mountains.

Read: 17 Beautiful Beaches in Norway 

Bergen, Norway

Colorful waterfront of Bryggen

Bryggen in Bergen, Norway

Norway’s former capital, Bergen, is at its absolute best in summer when the waterfront is buzzing with visitors and locals take to the pavement cafes to enjoy the sunshine.

On the eastern side of the harbor, the lovely old clapboard houses of Bryggen in jaunty shades of pink, red, and orange are a World Heritage Site, conserving the legacy of the old Hanseatic wharf buildings. Today, the former warehouses conceal a warren of artists’ studios that are home to jewelers, painters, and textile designers.

Also on the harbor is the Fish Market, crammed with stalls selling fresh and cooked fish, coffee, berries, and flowers, which is always busy with shoppers stopping for a lunchtime snack. On sunny days, the Fløibanan funicular is the best route to a sweeping view of the city and harbor with wonderful views from the top of Mount Fløyen, where you can go on a hike.

Beautiful view of Steinsdalsfossen waterfall with red house

Steinsdalsfossen Waterfall, Norway

Also just minutes from the town is the breathtaking natural scenery of the fjords, forested cliffs, and rocky inlets where seals bask and eagles perch. If time permits, join a trip to Troldhaugen, the Victorian villa of Edvard Grieg, on the shores of Nordaas Lake, where the composer lived and composed for 22 years.

Some tours stop at Steinsdalsfossen, one of many tumbling waterfalls you’ll see in the fjords. As one of the most beautiful places to visit in Norway, this one stands out for its walkway that takes you behind the curtain of foaming water.

Aarhus, Denmark

Aarhus, one of the best cities in Scandinavia

Aarhus, Denmark

Denmark’s second-largest city, Aarhus, was founded by the Vikings more than 1,000 years ago. Today, it has reinvented itself as a center for culture and education. It’s always buzzing with students and packed with cool cafés, markets, and street food stalls, making it one of the best cities in Scandinavia.

Aarhus is compact and easily navigated; you’re encouraged to get around the way the locals do, by bicycle, to explore the gorgeous Botanical Gardens and sights from the medieval cathedral to the fascinating World War II Resistance Museum. The prettiest street in town has to be the cobbled lane of Møllestien, lined with half-timbered houses, roses, and hollyhocks clambering around their doors.

Colorful houses in Den Gamle By

Den Gamle By in Aarhus, Denmark

For a colorful taste of Danish culture, visit Den Gamle By, a delightful open-air museum of more than 70 half-timbered houses, that whisks you back to the late 19th century, the era of Hans Christian Andersen and the setting of a typical market town. Ride in a horse-drawn wagon and see craftspeople at work, all in period costume.

Back in the present day, the ARoS Aarhus Art Museum is the most visited in Scandinavia and one of the best things to do in Aarhus. Check out the Rainbow Panorama on the roof, a circular walkway of colored glass more than 150 feet above the ground that allows you to view the city through all the colors of the spectrum. Other things to see include the quirky Infinite Bridge, an art installation and wooden jetty that loops round in a circle over the waters of the harbor.

Oslo, Norway

Aerial view of Akershus Castle

Akershus Fortress in Oslo, Norway

Norway’s green, arty, and eminently liveable capital lies at the end of a long fjord, hemmed in by forest and mountains. Compact and cultured, Oslo is emerging as a center for the arts and increasingly, avant-garde cuisine, as a string of Michelin-starred restaurants and cool cafés are putting to rest the notion that Norwegians live on hot dogs.

There’s plenty to see in the city, from the Royal Palace, set in a leafy park where you can stroll, to the medieval Akershus Fortress and the interactive Nobel Peace Centre, dedicated to the winners of this coveted prize and their stories.

Read: 13 Breathtaking Medieval Castles in Europe 

Couple wandering inside Viking Ship Museum

Viking Ship Museum in Oslo, Norway

Visit the Viking Ship Museum to learn about the extraordinary history of the Vikings and see ships dating back to the ninth century, as well as artifacts from ancient burial chambers. This fascinating museum shares the Bygdøy peninsula with the Norwegian Maritime Museum and the Kon-Tiki Museum, which tells the story of the expeditions of explorer Thor Heyerdahl.

If you want to see Edvard Munch’s iconic painting, The Scream, head to the National Gallery. But the expressionist’s work extends way beyond this disturbing image, so visit the brand new Munch Museum on the regenerated waterfront to admire his brightly colored landscapes, rural scenes, and portraits.

For the best views of the city and fjord, make the short journey to Holmenkollen, the Olympic ski jump. The views from the top of the tower are magnificent and there’s a fascinating museum that delves into the history of skiing and polar exploration, topics close to the hearts of Norwegians.

Geiranger, Norway

View of Briksdal Glacier with river

Briksdal Glacier in Geiranger, Norway

Geirangerfjord ranks as one of the longest and deepest fjords in the world, earning it a spot on the UNESCO World Heritage list. Waterfalls cascade from almost vertical mountain sides over 900 feet in height. The famous falls De syv søstrene (Seven Sisters), Friaren (the Suitor), and Brudesløret (Bridal Veil) tease the cliffs with graceful veils of mist, catching the occasional rainbow.

Geiranger itself is little more than a village with some of the most dazzling scenery of the region within easy reach. Take a tour to the village of Olden and go on a ride on a Troll Car, a seven-seater electric vehicle resembling a chunky golf cart that takes you within 1,700 feet of the icy tongue of the Briksdal Glacier. Hike the short distance to get up close to this creaking wall of ice.

Beautiful landscape of Norwegian Fjords

Geirangerfjord in Geiranger, Norway

Or head up Mount Dalsnibba at the head of the fjord, passing through lush farmland where cattle graze, climbing ever higher via a series of switchbacks to 4,500 feet for views down over the arm of the sapphire-blue Geirangerfjord, hemmed in by towering mountains and waterfalls. If you dare, venture onto the Skywalk, a metal platform built into the rocks that juts out so you feel as though you’re taking a leap of faith and stepping straight off the cliff.

Olden, Norway

Olden, one of the most beautiful cities in Scandinavia

Olden, Norway

A sleepy farming community at the end of a curving arm of the Nordfjord, Olden is the gateway to a landscape of high mountain lakes, deep fjords, and snow-capped peaks. For perspective on this beautiful setting, ride the Skylift cable car from the neighboring village of Loen up 3,600 feet to Mount Hoven.

From the top, you’ll have panoramic views of Lake Lovatnet, the vast Jostedalsbreen Glacier, mainland Europe’s largest, Olden itself, and the long, narrow Nordfjord. Numerous hiking trails start from the cable car station.

The mighty Jostedalsbreen extends its icy arms across the mountaintops. Take a boat ride on Lake Lovatnet, a glacial lake in an iridescent shade of turquoise with views of the tongue of the ice-blue Kjenndalen glacier, one of Jostedalsbreen’s tentacles.

Beautiful view of Lake Oppstryn with mountains as backdrop

Lake Oppstryn, Norway

Briksdal is another offshoot of this vast icefield, accessed by a scenic hike along a rushing mountain river and a glassy lake flecked with ice. Or visit Lake Oppstryn, another glacier-fed lake at almost 2,000 feet above sea level, which is accessed via nineteen hairpin bends.

Call in at the Jostedal National Park Center, designed in the style of a Viking longhouse, to learn about the geology of this beautiful place. You’ll work up an appetite in all this fresh air, so luckily, traditional Norwegian cuisine is always at hand: coffee served with waffles piled high with berries and whipped cream.

Couple on a boat tour in Copenhagen

Copenhagen, Denmark

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