Founded by Loyalists escaping the Revolutionary War in 1785, Saint John has emerged as a thriving port city. Its restored historic waterfront and surrounding natural beauty have made Saint John a wonderful destination. Experience the amazing Reversing Falls Rapids, Saint John's best-known attraction, when twice daily the powerful tides of the Bay of Fundy rise faster than the river can empty. When this happens, the tide attempts to push the river back upstream, then the tide ebbs and the river appears to reverse itself and flow over the rocks, creating the appearance of reversing rapids. Visit St. Martin's Sea Caves and Beach, where you'll see caves carved out by the pounding tides. St. Martins' twin-covered bridges, harbor area and lighthouse are perennial favorites with photographers and painters.